Krasnodar, 28 July.
Our today’s interviewee is Sergei Altukhov, Deputy Chairman of the Legislative Assembly of Krasnodar krai.
Q.: The epidemiological situation remains tense in the region. Would you please tell us how did we manage to survive this year with minimum losses and to preserve our small and midsize businesses?
A.: It would be wrong to say that we are surviving the pandemic with minimum losses, though the situation here is not as bad as other Russian regions. Different support measures were applied at the federal level – like payments, or family support. When it appeared that we were not prepared to be furnished with individual protective devices, our industrial enterprises began to switch over to new products and suspend their usual produce. In 2020, the number of entrepreneurs dropped a bit (by 0.5%) – it means that the regional economy lost about 5,000 entrepreneurs. At the same time, we could see registrations of new jobs, new self-employed, new small and midsize businesses during the first half of this year.
Q.: Are tax liabilities of the industrial sector changing?
A.: When the regional authority began to supervise the industry, it paid a bit more than 7 billion roubles into the budget. Now the figure is nearly 12 billion roubles. It is important to return the industrial structure of our economy, and we can get it right. We are doing what is necessary to do: taking part in all programs, building an industrial park, establishing industrial clusters; we have introduced the system of dual education to train the staff for our industrialists. We were the initiators of the law on dual education which enabled college students to acquire practical skills at industrial enterprises.
Q.: When will the common electronic database be introduced in Krasnodar krai?
A.: Based on certain IT work experience, I can say that any centralized information systems are usually constructed from top downward than vice versa. If every region would build systems or services of its own, it would be very hard to get them integrated in the federal centre, because these would be different databases and different information systems. Relevant architecture is currently being developed at the federal level to prevent such situation. I am well aware of this work, and I fully support it. Presently, the federal Ministry of Digital Development is discussing this issue with Prime Minister, and the strategy of state municipal services is being developed. Many steps have already been taken. The development of the electronic database cannot be fast, because we do not have readymade solutions which should be developed anew so that the existing service system would not collapse. We will manage to do it, though the process will not be as quick as we want.
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