Krasnodar, 19 November. Today our interviewee is Aleksandr Kolesnik, Deputy Director of the Territorial Centre for Monitoring and Forecasting of Emergency Situations of Natural and Technogenic Character, Ministry of Civil Defence and Emergency Situations of Krasnodar krai.
Q.: How does your working day begin?
A.: Not with a cup of coffee it begins, but with a shift takeover. On weekends, shift takeovers are performed by phone. We have two watch groups, responsible for round-the-clock analysis of the weather and hydrologic situation. We also analyse and study the information about the previous day. Thereby we try to forecast the weather, so that the population should be warned promptly.
Q.: What are the forecasts about the recovery of the water level in the Krasnodar Reservoir?
A.: Now there is snow up in the mountains, though it is too little yet. It is not yet the volume that may fill up the mountain river. The upcoming December and January will be the exemplary months for us – it is then that active snowfalls are expected. We do not know yet whether the following year will be dry. What is more, the current stalemate situation has arisen not only due to the lack of snow last winter. All three previous winters were dry. So it was that accumulating effect that resulted in the shortage of water last summer. However, I should admit that the restoration must be gradual. If there would be too much snow, we would be suffering from inundations.
Q.: Are there any poorly studied sites on the Kuban River left? Which sites look most interesting for your colleagues?
A.: It is the entire range of the Greater Caucasus, especially the area around Sochi and Tuapse with its unique features: the sea and the mountains altogether. There are places there where it would take you just a couple of hours to walk from a spot with the temperature of +30 up to a spot with the temperature of +10 only. This is a very interesting and at the same time very complicated factor for scholars: their polyclimatic character makes it difficult to do correct forecasts, especially when this phenomenon occurs within one city. It is also very interesting to study the climate of Gelendzhik and Novorossiysk – notwithstanding the nearness of the two cities to each other, the weather there often is completely different.
Q.: What phenomena does your Centre monitor, apart from precipitation?
A.: We monitor all surrounding factors: technogenic, biological, social, and natural ones. To a great extent, everything depends upon very thoroughly performed analysis of the information provided by municipalities: the state of the local heating networks, sewerages, and electric grids.
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