Krasnodar, 21 June – Yug Times. Big cities are known to be expanding with new residential neighbourhoods with high-density development, whose population produces wastes in endless quantities. Every day, an average family disposes of one or two plastic bags with leftovers of food products, old things, batteries and plastic - not too much, one may guess. But let us multiply these two bags by a million of Krasnodar dwellers - and we will get a hundred or so refuse trucks a day. As for the entire Krasnodar region, it produces 3.5 million tons of household waste a year. What is to be done with this waste?
Partially, the problem can be resolved by waste recycling - it helps relieve the dumps and save millions of roubles, and develop the economy. So let us learn how the Kuban garbage gets a second life.
The waste sorting factory in Belorechensk is a successful example of garbage treatment. Violetta Galkina, Environmental Engineer, says that the total area of the factory is 23 hectares, but currently only the initial six-hectare compound is being used. There is no need to worry about poisoning of the subsoil waters and the soil with dirty effluents, because the soil is separated from the waste with a damp-proof membrane.
“You can see the accumulating ponds. Filtrate is driven off the landfill site and treated, and the water is directed to the ponds where it is used to water the landfill and its territory,” Galkina explains.
The sorting plant is designed to divide garbage into fractions for further processing. It is here that plastic bottles, paper and cardboard are sorted separately. After packing and pressing, the garbage is sold to a treatment company. It is interesting that the most profitable waste is plastic bottle, while glass is extremely cheap. It can be seemed odd but there is no smell of garbage at the factory. The workers say that it is due to a special filtration and permanent control.
“Locals worry about the state of the air, which is why we often run welcome days for them, so that they can see that there is no unpleasant odour here,” a local manager says.
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